Risperidone Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions


COMMON BRAND(S): Risperdal

GENERIC NAME(S): Risperidone


Risperidone is used to treat certain mental / mood disorders (such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, irritability associated with autistic disorder). This medicine can help you to think clearly and participate in everyday life.

Risperidone is related to a class of drugs called aystemic anticyclic. It works by helping to restore the balance of some natural substances in the brain.

How to use Risperidone

Directly take this medication by mouth or by your doctor at home without taking food, usually once or twice daily.

If you are using the liquid form of this drug, then carefully measure the dosage using special measurement equipment. Do not use domestic spoon because you can not get the right dose. If guided, you can mix doses measured in small quantities with liquid (3 to 4 ounces / approx 100 ml) such as water, coffee, orange juice or low fat milk. Do not mix with cola or tea. Take all of the mixture immediately. Do not prepare a supply in advance. If you have any questions, consult your pharmacist.

Dosage is based on your age, medical condition, reaction to treatment and other medications you are taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including Prescription Drugs, NonProtection Drugs and Herbal Products). To reduce your risk of side effects, your doctor may direct you to start this medication on low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.

Take Risperidone regularly to get the most benefit of it. To help you remember, take it at the same time every day. It is important to continue this medication, even if you feel OK. Do not stop taking this medicine without consultation with your doctor.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Side Effects

Sleepiness, dizziness, laziness, dizziness, nausea, weight gain or tiredness may occur. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.

The risk of dizziness and lighthouse can increase. Slowly rise while sitting or lying down from the position of lying

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that the benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if you have a serious side effect, including: difficulty swallowing, muscle spasms, tremors, changes in mental / mood (like anxiety, anxiety), obstruction of breathing during sleep

Risperidone can seldom increase your blood sugar, which can cause diabetes or worse. Tell your doctor immediately if you have symptoms of high blood sugar such as thirst / urination. If you already have diabetes, then direct your blood glucose regularly and share the results with your doctor. Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medication, exercise program or diet.

This medicine can cause significant weight gain and an increase in your blood cholesterol (or triglyceride) levels. These effects, along with diabetes, can increase your risk for the development of heart disease. Discuss the risks and benefits of treating your doctor. (See also the Notes section.)

Risperidone can rarely be the cause of a condition called turdy dysnesia. In some cases, this situation can be permanent. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop an unusual / uncontrolled motion (especially the face, lips, mouth, tongue, arms or legs).

This medicine can increase a certain natural substance (prolactin) created by your body. For women, this increase in prolactin may result in difficulty in getting unwanted breast milk, missed / stopped period or pregnancy. For men, this can be due to lack of sexual capacity, inability to produce sperm, or increased breasts. If you develop any of these symptoms, then tell your doctor immediately.

If you have any serious side effects, seek medical help immediately, including: severe dizziness, unconsciousness, seizures

Risperidone can rarely be the cause of a very serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). If you have any of the following symptoms, seek medical help: fever, muscle stiffness / pain / tenderness / weakness, severe fatigue, severe confusion, sweating, sharp / irregular heartbeat, deep urine, signs of kidney problems ( Such as change) amounts of urine).

Rarely, men can have painful or longer build for 4 or more hours. If this happens, stop using this medicine and get medical help immediately, or there may be permanent problems.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, get medical help, including: fever, swelling lymph nodes, rash, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, respiratory distress.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In America – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.


Before taking risperidone, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or paliperidone; Or if you have any other allergens. This product can have passive elements, which can cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using Risperidone, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: liver disease, kidney disease, seizures, difficulty swallowing, low white blood cell count, Parkinson’s disease, dementia, some eyes Problems (cataracts, glaucoma), family history of individual or drug diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol / triglyceride levels, difficulty breathing during sleep Ief (sleep apnea).

Risperidone can cause a condition that affects the rhythm of the heart (QT prolonged). Prolonged Qt can rarely cause serious (rarely fatal) fast / irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (such as severe dizziness, unconsciousness) that require immediate medical attention.

If you have some medical conditions or Qt may be causing prolonged other medications, the QT can increase the risk of prolonging. Before using risperidone, tell your doctor or pharmacist about all the medicines that you take and if you have any of the following conditions: Fixed heart problems (heart failure, slow heart beat , QT prolonged EKG), family history of some heart problems (Qt), longevity in EKG, sudden cardiac death).

Lower levels of potassium or magnesium in the blood can also increase the risk of QT being long. If you use certain medications (such as diuretic / “water tablets”) or if you have a condition like severe sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting, then this risk may increase. Talk to your doctor about using risperidone safely.

Risperidone may make you dizzy or drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana can make you more dizzy or deaf. Unless you can safely do it, do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires caution. Avoid alcoholic beverages. If you are using marijuana, talk to your doctor.

Before your surgery (with glaucoma / cataract surgery), tell your doctor or dentist whether you are taking this medicine or have taken it, and about all the other products you use (about Including prescription drugs, non-prescription medicines, and herbal products).

This medicine can give you less perspiration, which is more likely to cause heat stroke. Avoid doing things that can cause you to heat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tub. When the weather is warm, drink lots of fluids and wear light clothes. If you heat more, then quickly find a place to relax and relax. If you do not have a fever, then seek medical help immediately after changes in mental / mood, headache, or dizziness.

Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of this drug, especially sleepiness, dizziness, lighthouse, and QT prolongation (see above). The risk of drowsiness, dizziness and lighthouse can increase.

During pregnancy, this drug should be used only when it is clearly necessary. The mothers who have used this medicine during the last 3 months of pregnancy rarely develop symptoms including muscle stiffness or stiffness, drowsiness, feeding / difficulty breathing, or constant crying. If you see any of these symptoms in your newborn especially in their first month, then tell the doctor immediately.

Since untreated mental / mood disorders (such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression) can be a serious condition, do not stop taking this medicine until it is directed by your doctor. If you are planning a pregnancy, become pregnant, or think that you may be pregnant, discuss the benefits and risks of using your medicine immediately during your pregnancy.

This medicine passes in breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.


Drug interactions can change how your medicines work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescriptions / non-prescription medicines and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change any drug supplements without the approval of your doctor.

A product that can communicate with this drug is: metoclopramide

Tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are taking other products, due to opiate pain or cough relief (such as codeine, hydrocodone), alcohol, marijuana, sleep or anxiety medications (such as alprazolam, lorazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol, cyclobenzaprine), or antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine).

Check the label on all your drugs (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products), because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.

Over Dose

If someone is treated and has serious symptoms like having trouble going out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. US residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe drowsiness / dizziness, fast / irregular heartbeat, unusual / uncontrolled movements, seizures.


Do not share this medication with others.

Labs and / or medical tests (such as blood sugar, weight, blood pressure, levels of blood cholesterol / triglyceride) should be periodically to monitor your progress or to check side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, then as soon as you remember, take it. If it is near the next dose time, then leave the thesis supplement and start your normal dose program again. Do not double the dose to catch up.


Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not freeze the liquid form of this drug. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Until instructed not to do so, do not flush the medicines in the toilet and do not drain in the drain. When this period expires or does not need it, then properly release this product. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

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