Gabapentin Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions


COMMON BRAND(S): Neurontin

GENERIC NAME(S): Gabapentin


Gabapentin, sold under the brand name Neurontin among others. The use of gabapentin is done with other medicines to prevent and control the tour. It is also used to relieve nerve pain after the herpes (painful rashes due to an herpes rib infection) in adults. Gabapentin is known as an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug.

How to use Gabapentin

Read the medication guide and, if available, the patient information sheet is provided by your pharmacist before you start taking Gabapentin and every time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medicine with your doctor’s prescribed diet or without mouth. Dosage is based on your medical condition and treatment response. For children, the dose is also based on weight.

If you are taking a tablet and your doctor is instructing you to divide the tablet in half, then take another half-tablet on your next set dose. If they are not used within several days of dividing, then release half pills. If you are taking capsules, then they will swallow a lot of water.

It is very important to follow your doctor’s dosage instructions accurately. During the first few days of treatment, your doctor may gradually increase your dose, so that your body can be adjusted in the drug. To reduce side effects, take the first dose while sleeping.

Take this medication regularly to get the most benefit of it. This drug works best when the amount of drug is kept at a stable level in your body. Therefore, take a gabapentin at equal intervals at the same time each day. If you are taking this medicine 3 times a day to control the tour, do not give more than 12 hours between doses as your trips can increase.

Do not take this medicine more often or increase your dose without consultation with your doctor. There will be no improvement in your situation and the risk of serious side effects can increase.

Do not stop taking this medicine without consultation with your doctor. When the drug suddenly stops, some conditions may get worse. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.

Antacids containing aluminum or magnesium can interfere with the absorption of this drug. Therefore, if you are taking antacid also, it is best to take gabapentin at least 2 hours after taking antacid.

Various forms of gabapentin (such as immediate-release, sustained-release, enacarbil sustained-release) are absorbed in the body differently. Do not switch from one form to another without consulting your doctor.

Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.

Side Effects

Drowsiness, dizziness, loss of coordination, fatigue, blurry / dual vision, unusual eyes moving, or tremors can shake. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that the benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these have potential but serious side effects: Swelling of hands / ankles / feet.

In a small number of people who take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as seizures, bipolar disorder, pain), they may experience problems of depression, suicidal thoughts / attempts or other mental / mood problems. Tell your doctor immediately if you or your family / carer sees any unusual / sudden changes in your mood, thoughts, or behavior, including thoughts about depression, suicidal thoughts / attempts, self-harm.

If you have a serious side effect, get medical help, including: slow / shallow breathing.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, get medical help, including: fever, swelling lymph nodes, rash, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, respiratory distress.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In America – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or

In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.


Before taking Gabapentin, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or for gabapentin enacarbil; Or if you have any other allergens. This product can have passive elements, which can cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this drug, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: kidney disease, mental / mood problems (like depression, thoughts of suicide), drugs / alcohol use, misuse / breathing Problem in

Gabapentin can make you feel dizzy or depressed or blurred your vision. Alcohol or marijuana can make you more dizzy or deaf. Unless you can safely do it, do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires caution or clear vision. Limit alcoholic beverages. If you are using marijuana, talk to your doctor.

Before surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products that you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products).

Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of this drug, especially in the hands / ankles / swelling of the feet, slow / shallow breathing, dizziness, or loss of coordination. The risk of falling from dizziness and loss of coordination can increase.

Children may be more vulnerable to the side effects of this drug, especially in mental / mood / behavioral changes (e.g hostility, problem of focusing, restlessness).

During pregnancy, this drug should be used only when it is clearly necessary. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

Gabapentin passes in breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.


See also the usage section.

Drug interactions can change how your medicines work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescriptions / non-prescription medicines and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change any drug supplements without the approval of your doctor.

A product that can interact with this drug is: the orlistat.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are taking other products including alcohol, marijuana, antihistamines (such ascetirizine, diphenhydramine), sleeping or anxiety medicines (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, and alcoholic painkillers Are. (Such as codeine, morphine).

Check the label on all your drugs (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products), because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.

Do not use this drug with other medicines, including gabapentin (including gabapentin enacarbil).

This medication can interfere with some laboratory tests for urine proteins. Ensure that the lab staff and all your doctors know that you use this medicine.

Over Dose

If someone is treated and has serious symptoms like having trouble going out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. US residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe drowsiness, thin speech, weakness.


Do not share this medication with others.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, then as soon as you remember, take it. If it is near the next dose time, then leave the thesis dose. Take your next dose at regular times. Do not double the dose to catch up. If you take gabapentin 3 times a day to control the tour, do not give more than 12 hours between doses as your trips can increase. If this happens, consult your doctor immediately.


Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Until instructed to do so, do not flush the medicines in the toilet and do not drain them. When this period expires or does not need it, then properly release this product. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *