Diclofenac Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions

Diclofenac Sodium


GENERIC NAME(S): Diclofenac Sodium


Diclofenac, sold under the trade names Voltaren among others. Diclofenac is used to remove pain, swelling (swelling), and joint rigidity due to rheumatism. Reducing these symptoms gives you more help in your normal daily activities. This drug is known as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

If you are treating an old condition like arthritis, ask your doctor about the use of non-drug treatment and / or other medicines to treat your pain. See also the warning section.

How to use Diclofenac Sodium

Before starting using Diclofenac, read the medication guide provided by your pharmacist and every time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Till this time your doctor does not instruct you, take Diclofenac with a full glass of water (8 ounces / 240 milliliters) in the mouth. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking this medicine. If you experience stomach upset with this medicine, you can take it with food, milk, or antacid. However, it can slow down absorption and can relieve pain relief, especially if you are not taking this medicine on regular basis.

Swallow this medicine completely. Do not crush, chew or break the bullets. By doing so, special coating on the tablet may be lost and side effects may increase.

Dosage is based on your medical condition, reaction to treatment and other medicines you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including Prescription Drugs, Nonprescription Drugs and Herbal Products). To reduce side effects risk (such as stomach bleeding), use this drug for the least effective dose in the shortest possible time. Do not increase your dose or take it more than it has been fixed. For older conditions like rheumatism, continue taking it as directed by your doctor. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor or pharmacist.

For some conditions (such as arthritis), regular use can take up to 2 weeks before the full benefit of this medication.

If you are taking Diclofenac on the basis of “as needed” (not on regular basis), remember that the pain medicines work best if they are used as symptoms before pain. If you wait until the pain gets worse then the medication can not work too.

Tell your doctor if your condition worsens.

Side Effects

See also the warning section.

Stomach upset, nausea, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, gas, headache, drowsiness, and dizziness can occur. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that the benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.

Diclofenac can increase your blood pressure. Check your blood pressure regularly and tell your doctor if the results are high.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these are unlikely but serious side effects: hearing changes (like ringing in the ears), changes in mental / mood, difficult / painful swallowing, symptoms of heart failure (such as swelling ankle / leg, Abnormal) Exhaustion, abnormal / sudden weight gain).

Get medical help immediately after any of these rare but very serious side effects: signs of kidney problems (such as changes in urine volume), unexplained hard neck

Diclofenac can rarely cause serious (potentially fatal) liver disease. If you have any symptoms of liver damage, immediately seek medical help, including: dark urine, constant nausea / vomiting / loss of appetite, stomach / stomach ache, yellowing of the eyes or yellowing of the skin.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, get medical help immediately, including: granular, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In America – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.


See also the warning section.

Before taking Diclofenac tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or aspirin or other NSAIDs (such as ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib); Or if you have any other allergens. This product can have passive elements, which can cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using Diclofenac, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: asthma (including the history of breathing problems after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs), bleeding or clotting problem, heart disease (e.g. Previous heart attack), high blood pressure, liver disease, nasal growth (nasal organisms), stomach / intestinal / esophagus problems (such as bleeding, ulcer, recurrent heartburn), stroke.

The use of NSAID medicines, including Diclofenac, can sometimes cause kidney problems. The probability of having problems is more if you are dehydrated, cardiac failure or kidney disease, an elderly adult, or if you take some medications (see also drug interaction section). To prevent dehydration directed by your doctor, drink plenty of fluid and tell your doctor immediately if you have a change in urine volume.

Before surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products that you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products).

Diclofenac may make you dizzy or drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more dizzy or dry. Unless you can safely do it, do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires caution. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).

This drug can cause bleeding in the stomach. Daily use of alcohol and tobacco, especially when combined with this medicine, may increase your risk for stomach bleeding. Limit alcohol and stop smoking. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Diclofenac can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep your time limited in the sun. Avoid Tanning Booths and Sunlamps. Use sunscreen on the outside and wear protective clothing. Tell your doctor immediately if you have sunburned or have blisters / redness on the skin.

Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of this drug, especially bleeding through stomach / intestines, kidney problems and worsening heart problems.

Before using this drug, women of childbirth should talk about their benefits (including miscarriage, difficulty in getting pregnant) with their doctor. Tell your doctor whether you are pregnant or if you are planning to get pregnant. During pregnancy, this drug should be used only when it is clearly necessary. This unborn child is not recommended to use during the first and last quarters of pregnancy due to possible damage and intervention with normal labor or delivery.

Diclofenac passes into breast milk. While nursing infants have no report of loss, consult your doctor before breastfeeding.

Over Dose

If someone is treated and has serious symptoms like having trouble going out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. US residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe stomach ache, vomiting which looks like coffee grounds, excessive drowsiness, slow / shallow breathing, recovery.


Do not share this medication with others.

Labs and / or medical tests (such as blood pressure, complete blood count, liver and kidney function tests) can be performed periodically to monitor your progress or to examine side-effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

Non-drug treatments that are approved by your doctor for arthritis (such as if necessary for weight loss, strengthening and conditioning exercises) can help to improve your flexibility, speed limits, and joint work. Consult your doctor for specific instructions.

Missed Dose

If you are prescribed this drug at a regular time (not just “as required”) and you remember a dose, then as soon as you remember If it is near the next dose time, then leave the missed dose. Take your next dose at regular times. Do not double the dose to catch up.


Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Until instructed to do so, do not flush the medicines in the toilet and do not drain them. When this period expires or does not need it, then properly release this product. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

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