Sodium Bicarbonate-Uses-side effects-doses-interactions and Reviews

Why is this drug recommended?

An antacid used to treat acid indigestion and heartburn is sodium bicarbonate. In some circumstances, your doctor may also advise you to take sodium bicarbonate to reduce the acidity of your blood or urine.

Ask your doctor or chemist for further details if you’re interested in using this medicine for any other conditions.

Sodium Bicarbonate-Uses-side effects-doses-interactions and Reviews

How is this medication to be taken?

To be used orally, sodium bicarbonate is available as a tablet and powder. Depending on why you’re taking it, sodium bicarbonate can be taken once through four times each day. Ask your doctor or chemist to clarify any instructions on your prescription label that you are unsure about following. As recommended, take sodium bicarbonate as indicated. Never take it in larger or less amounts or more frequently than directed by your doctor.

When taking sodium bicarbonate as an antacid, you should drink a full glass of water with it and wait one to two hours after eating. You can take sodium bicarbonate with or without meals if you need it for another purpose. Never take sodium bicarbonate with a stomach that is too full.

Put at least 4 ounces (120 millilitres) of water in a bowl and stir in the sodium bicarbonate powder. Utilising a measuring spoon, gently dispense powdered medications.

A doctor’s prescription is required if you intend to take sodium bicarbonate for more than two weeks. Call your doctor if sodium bicarbonate does not help your symptoms.

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Children under the age of 12 should not be given sodium bicarbonate unless specifically instructed to do so by a doctor.

What specific safety measures should I take?

Aspirin or aspirin-like medications, benzodiazepines, flecainide (Tambocor), iron, ketoconazole (Nizoral), lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid), methenamine (Hiprex, Urex), methotrexate, quinidine, sulfa-containing antibiotics, tetracycline (Sumycin), and vitamins should all be disclosed to your doctor and pharmacist before taking sodium bicarbonate. When using sodium bicarbonate with other medications, wait at least 2 hours.
Inform your physician if you have or have ever had high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, renal disease, or recent stomach or intestinal bleeding.
Inform your doctor if you are expecting, want to get pregnant, or are nursing a baby. Call your doctor if you become pregnant while taking sodium bicarbonate.

What specific dietary recommendations should I abide by?

The amount of salt in your body rises as a result of this medication. Consult your doctor before taking sodium bicarbonate if you are on a diet that restricts your intake of sodium.

How should I proceed if I forget to take a dose?

Take the missed dosage of sodium bicarbonate as soon as you recall it if your doctor prescribed you to take it on a certain schedule. If the next dosage is soon due, skip the missed one and carry on with your normal dosing plan. To make up for a missing dosage, do not take a second one.

What negative effects may this medicine have?

Side effects from sodium bicarbonate are possible. If any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away, let your doctor know right once:
heightened thirst
stomach cramps
If you have any of the following symptoms, stop taking sodium bicarbonate and call your doctor immediately:
severe headache
vomit that resembles coffee grounds
loss of appetite
frequent urge to urinate
slow breathing
swelling of feet or lower legs
bloody, black, or tarry stools
blood in your urine
You or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting programme online at or by phone at 1-800-332-1088 if you suffer a significant adverse event.

What should I be aware of about the handling and disposal of this medication?

Keep this medication securely closed in the original container and out of the reach of children. Keep it at room temperature and out of the bathroom and other places with excessive heat and moisture.

Unused prescriptions must be disposed of carefully to prevent dogs, kids, and other people from ingesting them. You should not, however, dispose of this medication in the toilet. Instead, utilising a drug take-back programme is the ideal approach to get rid of your medicines. To find out about take-back programmes in your area, speak with your chemist or the garbage/recycling department in your city. If you do not have access to a take-back programme, see the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website at for additional information.

As many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and are simple for young children to open, it is crucial to keep all medications out of sight and out of reach of children. Always lock safety caps and promptly stash medication up and away from small children where it is out of their sight and reach to prevent poisoning.

In the event of a crisis or overdose

Call the poison control hotline at 1-800-222-1222 in the event of an overdose. Additionally, information can be found online at Call 911 right once if the person has collapsed, has a seizure, is having difficulty breathing, or cannot be roused.

What additional details should I be aware of?

Keep all planned appointments if your doctor has ordered sodium bicarbonate so that the effectiveness of the medication may be evaluated.

You should keep a written record of every medication you take, including any over-the-counter (OTC) items, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals. This list should be brought with you whenever you see a doctor or are admitted to the hospital. You should always have this information with you in case of emergency.

Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

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