Psoriasis: Causes, Triggers, Treatment, and More

What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is an old autonomous condition that causes the rapid formation of skin cells. This formation of cells causes scaling on the surface of the skin.

Swelling and redness around the scales is quite common. Specific psoriatic scales are white-silver and grow in thick, red patches. Sometimes, these patch cracks and bleed.

Psoriasis is the result of a speed-up skin production process. Generally, skin cells become deep in the skin and gradually grow on the surface. After all, they fall. The normal life cycle of the skin cell is one month.

In people with psoriasis, this production process can take place within a few days. Because of this, skin cells do not have time to fall. It leads to the production of rapidly producing excessive skin cells.

Scales generally develop on joints, such as elbows and knees. They can grow anywhere on the body, including the following:
•  Hand
•  Feet
•  Neck
•  Skull
•  Face
The less common types of psoriasis affect the area around the nails, mouth, and genitals.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), approximately 7.5 million Americans have psoriasis. It is usually associated with many other situations, including the following:

•  Diabetes type 2
•  Abdominal pain
•  Heart disease
• psoriatic arthritis

What are various types of Psoriasis?

There are five types of psoriasis:

Plaque Psoriasis

Plaque Psoriasis is the most common type of Psoriasis. AAD estimates that approximately 80 percent of people in this condition have plaque psoriasis. This causes the red, swelling patches that cover the skin areas. These patches are often covered with white-silver scales or plaques. These plaques are usually found on elbows, knees and scalp.

Guttate Psoriasis

Guttate Psoriasis is common in childhood. This type of psoriasis causes small pink spots. The most common sites for Guttate Psoriasis include torso, arms and legs. These spots are rarely raised like fat or plaque psoriasis.

Pustular Psoriasis

Pustular psoriasis is more common in adults. This causes white, full blisters and red, swelling of wide areas of the skin. Pustular psoriasis is usually localized for small areas of the body, such as hands or feet, but it can be widespread.

Inverse Psoriasis

Inverse Psoriasis causes red, bright, swollen bright areas of the skin. Patches Inverse Psoriasis develops in the genitals of groin, or around the skin, adjacent or under the breast.

Erythrodermic Psoriasis

Erythrodermic Psoriasis is a serious and rare type of psoriasis. In this form often the large sections of the body are included together. The skin is almost sunny. Large scale scales often come in large sections or sheets. To run a fever or to be very ill, this type of psoriasis is not uncommon for a person. This type of life can be dangerous, so individuals should see the doctor immediately.

What are the Symptoms?

Symptoms of psoriasis are different from the person and depend on the type of psoriasis. Areas of psoriasis can be small as some flex on the skull or elbow, or can cover the majority of the body.

The most common symptoms of plaque psoriasis include:
•  Red, raised, swollen patch of skin
•  White-silver scales or plaques on red patches
•  Dry skin that can crack and bleed
•  Pain around the patch
•  Itching and burning sensation around the patch
•  Thick, baked nails
•  Painful, swollen joints

Every person will not experience all of these symptoms. Some people will experience completely different symptoms if they have less common type of psoriasis.

Most people with psoriasis go through the “cycle” of symptoms. The condition can cause serious symptoms for a few days or weeks, and then symptoms can become clear and almost unknown. Again, in a few weeks or if a normal psoriasis is spoiled by the trigger, the situation may flare up again. Occasionally, the symptoms of psoriasis disappear completely.

When you have no active indication of this situation, you can be in “forgiveness”. This does not mean that psoriasis will not return, but for now you are symptom-free.

Is Psoriasis Infectious?

Psoriasis is not infectious. You can not pass skin condition from one person to another. You will not develop a situation by touching a psoriatic wound on another person.

It is important to be educated on this situation, because many people think that psoriasis is contagious.

What Causes Psoriasis?

The doctors are unclear to cause psoriasis However, thanks to research for decades, he has a general idea of ​​two major factors: genetics and immune system.

Immune System

Psoriasis is an autoimmune position. The condition of an autoimmune is the result of attacking the body. In the case of psoriasis, white blood cells, known as T cells, accidentally attack skin cells.

In a typical body, white blood cells are deployed to attack and destroy invasive bacteria and fight infection. This wrong attack causes the skin cell production process to go overdrive. Spread-up skin cell production causes new skin cells to grow very rapidly. They are pushed onto the surface of the skin, where they are stacks.

The result is those plaques that are usually associated with psoriasis. Attacks on skin cells also develop red, swollen areas of the skin.


Some people make the successor of the genes, which make them more likely to develop psoriasis. If you have an immediate family member with skin condition, then your risk of developing psoriasis is high. However, the percentage of people with psoriasis and genetic bias are small. According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, about 2 to 3 percent of genes develop this condition.

Psoriasis Diagnosis

Two tests or examinations may be necessary to diagnose psoriasis.

Physical Examination

Most doctors are able to diagnose with a simple physical examination. Symptoms of Psoriasis are usually clear and different from other conditions which can cause similar symptoms.

During this examination, make sure to show your doctor to all areas of concern. Also, tell your doctor if there is a condition of family members.


If the symptoms are unclear or if your doctor wants to confirm their suspected diagnosis, they can take a small sample of the skin. It is known as biopsy.

The skin will be sent to a laboratory, where it will be screened under a microscope. The exam can help you diagnose the type of psoriasis. It can also cancel other potential disorders or infections.

Most biopsies are done at your doctor’s office on the day of your appointment. To make biopsy less painful, your doctor will inject the local marking medication. Then they will send the biopsy for analysis in the laboratory. When the results come back, your doctor may request an appointment to discuss the findings and treatment options with you.

Psoriasis Triggers: Stress, Alcohol, and More

External “triggers” can start a new fight of psoriasis. These triggers are not the same for all. They can also change for you over time.

The most common triggers for psoriasis include:


Abnormally high stress can bounce a flare. If you learn to reduce and manage your stress, you can reduce flare-ups and possibly stop.


The use of heavy alcohol may trigger psoriasis flare-ups. If you use excessive alcohol, psoriasis may occur more often. Reducing the consumption of alcohol is even smarter than your skin. If you need help, your doctor can help you with planning to avoid drinking.


An accident, cut or scrap may bounce a flare. Shots, vaccines, and sunburn can also trigger a new outbreak.


Some medicines are considered as psoriasis triggers. These drugs include:
•  Lithium
•  Antimalarial drugs
•  High blood pressure medication


Psoriasis is attacking healthy skin cells by mistake in the least part, by the immune system. If you are sick or suffering from infection, your immune system will go overdrive to fight infection. This one and psoriasis may start to flare up. Strep throat is a common trigger.

Treatment Options for Psoriasis

There is no cure for psoriasis. The purpose of treatment is to reduce inflammation and scales, to slow down the development of skin cells, and to remove the plaque. Psoriasis treatments come in three categories:

Topical Treatments

The cream and plaster applied directly to the skin can be helpful to lightly reduce the risk of moderate psoriasis.

•  Topical psoriasis treatments include:
•  Topical corticosteroids
•  Topical retinoids
•  Anthralin
•  Vitamin D analogues
•  Salicylic acid
•  Moisturizer

Systemic Drugs

People with moderate severe psoriasis, and those who have not responded well to other treatment types, may need to use oral or injectable drugs. Many of these drugs have serious side effects. Doctors usually set them for a short time.

These drugs include:
•  Methotrexate
•  Cyclosporine (Sandimmune)
•  Biologics
•  retinoids

Light Therapy

This psoriasis treatment uses lasers (UV) or natural light. Sunlight kills highly active white blood cells, which are attacking healthy skin cells and are increasingly causing cell growth. Both UVA and UVB light can be helpful in mildly reducing the symptoms of moderate psoriasis.

Most people with moderate to severe psoriasis will benefit from a combination of treatment. To reduce symptoms, this kind of therapy uses more than one of the treatment types. Some people can use the same treatment as their entire life. Others may sometimes need to change the treatment if their skin stops responding to the functions they use.

Medicines for Psoriasis

If you have moderate psoriasis – or if psoriasis stops responding to other treatments – then your doctor may consider oral or injected medicine.

The most common oral and injectable drugs used for the treatment of psoriasis include:


This range of drugs changes your immune system and prevents the interaction between your immune system and swelling routes. These medicines are given injection or given through intravenous (IV) infusion.


Retinoids skin reduces cell production. Once you stop using them, the symptoms of psoriasis will be returned. Side effects include hair loss and swelling of the lips. People who become pregnant or may be pregnant in the next three years, should not take retinoids due to the risk of potential birth defects.


Cyclosporine (Sandimmune) prevents the response of the immune system. It can reduce the symptoms of psoriasis. It also means that you have a weak immune system, so you can become sick. Side effects include kidney problems and high blood pressure.


Like cyclosporine, methotrexate suppresses the immune system. If used in low dose, there may be less side effects. It can cause serious side effects in the long term. Critical side effects include reduction in liver damage and the production of red and white blood cells.

Dietary Recommendations for People with Psoriasis

Diet can not cure or treat psoriasis, but better eating can reduce your symptoms. Changes in these five lifestyles can help reduce psoriasis symptoms and reduce flare-ups:

Lose Weight

If you are overweight, then weight loss can reduce the severity of the situation. Treatment by weight loss can be more effective. It is unclear how the weight interacts with psoriasis, so if your symptoms remain unchanged, then losing weight is still good for your overall health.

Eat Heart Healthy Food

Reduce saturated fat intake. These are found in animal products such as meat products and sweet. Increase intake of lean protein which contains omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, sardines and shrimp. Sources of omega-3 plants include walnuts, flex seeds and soybeans.

Avoid Foods Triggers

Psoriasis causes swelling Some foods also cause swelling. Avoiding those foods can improve symptoms. These foods include:
•  Red meat
•  Refined sugar
•  Processed foods
•  Dairy products

Drink Less Alcohol

Consumption of alcohol can increase your risk of provocation. Cut back or leave completely. If you have any problems with alcohol use, then your doctor can help you with a treatment plan.

Consider taking Vitamins

Some doctors prefer a vitamin rich diet for vitamin supplements in the formula. However, even healthy eater may also need help to obtain adequate nutrients. Ask your doctor if you should take any vitamins as a supplement to your diet.

Staying with Psoriasis

Life can be challenging with psoriasis, but with the right perspective, you can reduce flare-ups and lead a healthy, full life. These three areas will help you to cope with the short and long term:


Maintaining a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy diet can lead to a long way to reduce and reduce psoriasis symptoms. It contains omega-3 fatty acids, whole grains, and diet rich in plants. You should also limit the foods that can increase your swelling. These foods include refined sugars, dairy products and processed foods.


Tension is a well-established trigger for psoriasis. By learning to cope with stress and face you can reduce flare-ups and reduce symptoms. To reduce your stress, try the following:
•  Care
•  Journaling
•  Breathing
•  Yoga

Emotional Health

People with psoriasis are more likely to experience issues of depression and self-respect. When new spots appear, you can feel less confident. It can be difficult to talk to family members about how to affect psoriasis. The continuous cycle of the situation can also be disappointing.

All these emotional issues are legitimate. It is important that you find resources to handle them. It may include talking to a professional mental health specialist or joining the group for people with psoriasis.

Psoriasis and Arthritis

American College of Rheumatology (ACR) estimates that 15 percent of psoriasis will develop psoriasis. This type of arthritis causes inflammation, pain and swelling in affected joints. This is usually wrong for rheumatoid arthritis or rheumatism. The presence of skin dry, red areas with swelling usually separates such arthritis from others.

Psoriatic arthritis is an old condition. Like psoriasis, symptoms of psoriasis arthritis can come and go, alternate between inflammation and relaxation. Psoriatic arthritis with constant symptoms and issues can also be persistent.

This condition usually affects joints in fingers or toes. You may also be affected in your lower part, wrist, knee, or ankles.

Most people who develop psoriasis arthritis have psoriasis. However, it is possible to develop joint conditions without diagnosis of psoriasis. Most people who get rheumatoid arthritis without psoriasis have a family member, in which there is a skin condition.

Treatment for Psoriatic arthritis can successfully reduce symptoms, get rid of pain, and improve joint mobility. With psoriasis, reducing weight, maintaining a healthy diet, and avoiding triggers can also help reduce Psoriatic arthritis flare-ups. The initial diagnosis and treatment plan can reduce the chances of serious complications, including joint damage.

Psoriasis data

According to AAD, approximately 7.5 million people in the United States have psoriasis.

Psoriasis can start at any age, but most of the diagnosis is in adulthood. The average age of the beginning is between 15 to 35 years. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), some studies have estimated that approximately 75 percent of psoriasis cases are diagnosed before 46 years of age. The second peak period of diagnosis can be in the second half of the second half and the 60’s.

According to WHO, males and females are equally affected. Caucasian are unevenly affected Colored people make a very small proportion of psoriasis diagnosis.

Being a member of the family with this condition increases your risk for developing Psoriasis. However, many people with this condition have no family history. Some people with family history will not develop psoriasis.

According to ACR, approximately 15 percent of those with psoriasis will get a diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis. In addition, people with psoriasis are more likely to develop conditions such as:

•  Diabetes type 2
•  Kidney disease
•  Heart disease
•  High blood pressure

Although the data has not been completed, research suggests that the cases of psoriasis are becoming more common. Whether it is because people are developing skin conditions or doctors are getting better at diagnosing, it is unclear.

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