Zolpidem Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions



Zolpidem is used in adults to treat a certain sleep problem (insomnia). If you have trouble falling asleep while sleeping, it helps you to sleep fast, so that you can get better night’s rest. Zolpidem is related to a class of drugs called sedative-hypnotic. It works to cause a calm effect on your brain.

This drug is usually limited to a short treatment period of 1 to 2 weeks or less.

How To Use Zolpidem TARTRATE

Read the medication guide, and, if available, your Pharmacist before starting Zolpidem, patient information sheet and each time you receive a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication an empty stomach from the mouth, as directed by your doctor, usually at night. Since zolpidem works quickly, take it properly before coming to bed. Do not take it with food or later because it will not work quickly.

Do not take a dose of this medicine, unless you have the time for at least 7 to 8 hours of complete sleep. If you have to wake up before that, then you may have some memory loss and there may be trouble in doing any activity that requires caution, such as driving or operating machinery. (See also the Precautions section.)

Dosage is based on the answer to your gender, age, medical condition, other medicines you take and treatment. Do not increase your dose, take it more often, or use it for longer than specified. Do not take more than 10 mg in a day. Women are usually prescribed a low dose because the medicine is removed more slowly than the men. Older adults are usually less dose determined to reduce the risk of side effects.

Zolpidem may be the reason for the withdrawal reaction, especially if it has been used regularly for a long time or in higher doses. If you suddenly stop using this medicine then in such cases, symptoms of withdrawal (such as nausea, vomiting, flushing, stomach cramps, panic, panic) can occur. To prevent withdrawal responses, your doctor may gradually reduce your dose. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information, and immediately report any refund responses.

Although it helps many people, but this medicine can sometimes cause addiction. If you have any substance use disorder (such as drugs / alcohol excess or addiction) then this risk can be high. Take this medicine properly to reduce the risk of addiction. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

When Zolpidem is used for a long time, it can not work too. Talk to your doctor if this medicine stops working well.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists after 7 to 10 days, or if it worsens.

You may have difficulty sleeping in the first few nights after you stop taking this medication. This is called rebound insomnia and it is normal. It will usually run after 1-2 nights. If this effect continues, contact your doctor.

Side Effects

Dizziness can come. If this effect remains or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.

Zolpidem can help you to get to sleep during the day. Tell your doctor if you have drowsiness in the day. Your dosage may need to be adjusted.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that your benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these have potential but serious side effects: memory loss, mental / mood / behavior change (such as new / worsening depression, abnormal thoughts, thoughts of suicide, hallucinations, delusion, agitation, aggressive behavior , anxiety ).

Rarely, after taking Zolpidem, people have stepped out of bedding and driven vehicles, while not fully awake (“sleep-driving”). People did not even sleep while awake, prepared food / made food, phoned or sex. Often, these people do not remember these events. This problem can be dangerous for you or others. If you find that you have taken any of these activities after taking this medicine, then tell your doctor immediately. If you use alcohol or other medicines, your risk increases, which can make you dry during zolpidem.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, get medical help immediately, including: granular, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, shortness of breath

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.


Before taking zolpidem, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or if you have any other allergens. This product may contain passive elements, which may cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using Zolpidem, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: kidney disease, liver disease, mental / mood problems (such as depression, thoughts of suicide), personal or family use of any substance Due to history (such as excessive use) or drug / alcohol addiction, sleepwalking, lung / respiratory problems (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – COPD, SLE Personal or family history of apnea), a certain muscle disease (myasthenia gravis).

The effect of Zolpidem may remain after your next day. If you did not get sleep from 7 to 8 hours or took other medicines to get you sleepy or you are more sensitive to this medicine then you may feel alert, but clearly do not think enough to drive. You can also experience dizziness or blurry / double vision. Alcohol or marijuana can make you feel more dizzy. Wait for at least 8 hours after taking this medication before driving, and do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires caution when you do it safely. This drug can also increase the risk of falling. Avoid alcoholic beverages. If you are using marijuana, talk to your doctor.

Children may be more susceptible to the side effects of this drug, especially dizziness and hallucinations.

Older adults may be more susceptible to the side effects of this drug, especially dizziness, confusion, instability, and excessive drowsiness. These side effects can increase the risk of falling.

Before surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products that you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products).

During pregnancy, Zolpidem should be used only when explicitly necessary. Babies born to sedentary-hypnotic babies during delivery may have undesirable effects such as shortness of breath or symptoms of withdrawal. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

A small amount of this drug passes in breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.


Drug interactions can change how your medicines work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescriptions / non-prescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change any drug supplements without the approval of your doctor.

A product that can interact with this drug is sodium oxybate.

Other drugs that are likely to affect the removal zolpidem from your body, which may affect zolpidem work. Examples include azole antifungals (e.g, ketoconazole),  rifampin, St. John’s Wort.

If the drug is taken with other products that can cause discomfort to drowsiness or breathing, severe side effects (such as slow / shallow may increase the risk of coming inhalation, severe drowsiness / dizziness). Tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you Opiod pain or relieve coughs (such as codeine, hydrocodone), other medications for alcohol, marijuana, sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, lorazepam, zopiclone), muscles relax to other products Are taking. carisoprodol, cyclobenzaprine) or antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine).

Check the label on all your drugs (like allergy or cough-and-cold products), because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.


If someone is treated and has serious symptoms such as difficulty in getting out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. American residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center. The symptoms of overdose may include slow breathing or deep sleep, so that you can not become awake.


Do not share this medication with others. Sharing it is against the law.

As you grow older, your sleep patterns can naturally change and your sleep may get interrupted during the night. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for ways to improve your sleep without medication, such as avoiding caffeine and alcohol at bedtime, avoiding the intervals of the day and going to bed at the same time each night.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, do not take it until you have 7 to 8 hours of sleep time.


Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Until instructed to do so, do not flush the medicines under the toilet or drain them in the drain. When this period expires or is not required, leave this product appropriately. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

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