Dexamethasone Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions
COMMON BRAND(S): Decadron
GENERIC NAME(S): Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone, sold under the brand name Decadron among others. Dexamethasone is used for the treatment of arthritis, blood / hormones / immune system disorders, allergic reactions, condition of some skin and eyes, respiratory problems, certain intestinal disorders and some cancerous conditions. It is also used as a test for adrenal gland disorder (Cushing’s syndrome).
This drug is a corticosteroid hormone (glucocorticoid). It reduces your body’s natural protective response and reduces symptoms such as swelling and allergic reactions.
How to use Dexamethasone
Take Dexamethasone guided by your doctor. Take food or milk to prevent stomach worsening. Till this time your doctor does not instruct you, take this medicine with a full glass of water (8 oz / 240 ml) in the mouth. If you are using a liquid form of medicine, use a drug-measuring device to carefully measure the dose. Do not use domestic spoons.
If you take this medicine once a day, then take it before 9 a.m. If you are taking this medicine every day or every other day in addition to any other schedule, it can help to mark your calendar with a reminder.
The dose and length of treatment is based on your medical condition and medical reaction. To reduce side effects, your doctor may try to reduce your dose gradually from time to time.
Use Dexamethasone regularly so that it can get the most benefit. To help you remember, take it at the same time every day. It is important to continue taking this medicine even if you feel OK. Carefully follow the dose schedule, and take this medication exactly as prescribed.
Do not stop taking this medicine without consultation with your doctor. When this medicine suddenly stops, some conditions may get worse. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
Inform your doctor if your condition does not improve or gets worse.
Stomach can worsen, headaches, dizziness, changes in menstrual cycle, sleep deprivation, loss of appetite, or weight gain. If any of these effects persists or worsens immediately, inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that the benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately if any of these are unlikely but serious side effects: symptoms of infection (e.g, fever, constant sore throat), bone / joint pain, increased thirst / urination, fast / slow / irregular heart Heartbeat, pain / pressure in the eyes, vision problems, heartburn, dark stool, vomiting coffee grounds, puffy eyes, ankles / feet swelling, stomach / abdominal pain, pain / redness / hands / feet swelling, fatigue Tertiary (mood swings, movement), abnormal hair / skin growth, muscular pain / cramps, weakness, easy injury / bleeding Be it
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, then seek immediate medical attention, including: granules, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, breathing difficulties.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In America – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking Dexamethasone, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; Or other corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone); Or if you have any other allergens. This product can have passive elements, which can cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this drug, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: infection (e.g, tuberculosis, herpes, fungal infection), kidney disease, liver disease, mental / mood condition (e.g., psychosis) , Anxiety, depression), low blood minerals (for example, low potassium / calcium), thyroid disease, stomach / intestinal problems (e.g., ulcers, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, unexplained diarrhea), high Blood pressure, heart problems (e.g, heart failure, recent heart attack), diabetes, eye diseases (e.g, glaucoma, cataracts, infection of herpes), brittle bones (osteoporosis), history of blood clots.
Dexamethasone can mask the signs of infection or put you at greater risk of developing very serious infections. Report any injuries or infections (such as continuous throat / fever / cough, pain during urination, muscular pain) during any treatment.
Using corticosteroid medicines for long periods can make your body more difficult to respond to physical stress. Therefore, before surgery or emergency treatment, or if you have a serious illness / injury, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using this medicine or have used this medicine within the last 12 months. . Tell your doctor immediately if you develop abnormal / extreme fatigue or weight loss. If you have been using Dexamethasone for a long time, take a warning card or medical ID bracelet that identifies your use of this drug.
Do not immunize, vaccination or skin tests unless specifically directed by your doctor. If you are taking this medicine, live vaccines can cause serious complications (e.g, infection). Avoid contact with people who recently received oral polio vaccine or flu vaccine through the nose.
Avoid contact with people who are chickenpox or measles, unless you have these diseases before (i.e., in childhood). If you are in contact with one of these infections and you did not have it earlier, then seek immediate medical attention.
If you have a history of ulcers or take a high dose of aspirin or other rheumatoid arthritis, limit the alcoholic beverage while taking this medicine to reduce the risk of bleeding / stomach bleeding. Contact your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
If you have diabetes, then this medicine can make it difficult to control your blood glucose level. Regularly monitor your blood glucose levels and inform your doctor of the results. Your drug, exercise plan or diet may need to be adjusted.
Dexamethasone can make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you feel more dizzy. Unless you can safely do it, do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires caution. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).
If used for long periods of time, this medicine can slow the child’s growth. Consult the doctor or pharmacist for more information. Check the doctor regularly so that your child’s height and growth can be checked.
During pregnancy, this drug should be used only when it is clearly necessary. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Corticosteroid hormone levels may decrease in children born to mothers who are using this drug on extended time and / or high doses. Tell your doctor immediately if you see symptoms such as nausea / vomiting, severe diarrhea, or weakness in your newborn.
Dexamethasone can be passed in breast milk and can have an undesirable effect on the nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
If someone is treated and has serious symptoms like having trouble going out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. US residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center.
Do not share this medication with others.
If this drug is used for extended time, laboratory and / or medical tests (e.g, blood sugar / mineral level, blood pressure, eye examination), periodically monitor your progress or check the side effects Should be performed to Consult your doctor for more details.
Talk to your doctor about making changes in your lifestyle, which can reduce the side effects of this drug (e.g, weight gain exercise, controlling salt intake and dietary changes, including getting more potassium / calcium).
If you are taking this medicine regularly and at regular times, and you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. If it is near the next dose time, then leave the thesis dose. Take your next dose at regular times. Do not double the dose to catch up.
If you are taking this medicine every other day or gradually lowering your dose, and you miss a dose, then contact your doctor or pharmacist immediately and establish a new dose schedule.
Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.
Until instructed not to do so, do not flush the medicines in the toilet and do not drain in the drain. When this period expires or does not need it, then properly release this product. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.
Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.