Cipro Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions


GENERIC NAME(S): Ciprofloxacin Hcl, Ciprofloxacin


Ciprofloxacin, sold under the trade name Cipro among others. This drug is used to treat various types of bacterial infections. Cipro is related to a class of drugs called quinolone antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

This antibiotic only treats bacterial infections. It will not work for virus infections (such as common cold, flu). It is not necessary to use any antibiotic when it does not work for future transition.

How to use Cipro

Read the medication guide and, if available, the patient information sheet is provided by your pharmacist before you start taking Cipro and every time you receive a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

This medicine can be taken with or without a prescribed diet, usually twice a day (every 12 hours) in the morning and evening.

Shake the container well for 15 seconds before inserting each dose. Measure the dose carefully using special measuring instruments / spoon. Do not use domestic spoon because you can not get the right dose. Do not chew the content of the suspension.

Do not use suspension with feeding tube because the suspension can stop the tube.

The dose and length of treatment is based on the reaction of your medical condition and treatment. Drink lots of fluids while taking this medicine until your doctor tells you.

Take this medication at least 2 hours before or after 6 hours to take other products that can build it, reduce its effectiveness. Ask about the other products you have taken from your pharmacist. Some examples include: products such as quinapril, sevelamer, sucralfate, vitamins/minerals  (including iron and zinc supplements), and products containing   magnesium, aluminum, or calcium (such as antacids, didanosine solution,   calcium supplements).

Calcium-rich foods, including dairy products (like milk, curd) or calcium-rich juices, can also reduce the effect of this drug. Take this medicine at least 2 hours or 6 hours after eating calcium-rich foods, as long as you are not consuming these foods as part of a large meal in which other (non-calcium-rich) food Contains substances. These other foods reduce calcium binding effect.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist about the safe use of nutrient supplements / replacements with this drug.

For the best effect, take this antibiotic evenly to the distance. To help you remember, take this medicine at the same time every day.

Continue to take this medication until the full amount of the quantity ends, even after the symptoms disappear after a few days. The infection can come back very quickly by closing the medication.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Side Effects

See also the warning section.

Nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, lighthouse, headache, or sleep can cause problems. If any of these effects persists or worsens, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this drug because he or she has decided that the benefit is higher than the risk of side effects. Many people using this drug do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if you have any serious side effects, including: unusual injury / bleeding, a new infection signal (such as new / frequent fever, frequent sore throat), signs of kidney problems (such as in the amount Urine, red / pink urine), signs of liver problems (such as abnormal fatigue, abdominal / stomach ache, persistent nausea / vomiting, yellow eyes / skin, deep urine).

If you have a serious side effect, get medical help, including: severe dizziness, unconsciousness, fast / irregular heartbeat

Due to the type of resistant bacteria, this drug can rarely cause the intestinal severity (Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea). This condition can occur during the treatment or during the months of the closure of the treatment months. Immediately tell your doctor if you develop: persistent diarrhea, stomach or stomach ache / cramps, blood / mucus in your stool

If you have any of these symptoms, do not use diarrhea or opioid drugs because these products can make them worse.

Using Cipro for prolonged or frequent periods can lead to oral thrush or yeast infection. If you see white spots, changes in vaginal discharge or other new symptoms in your mouth, contact your doctor.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, if you see any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, seek medical help immediately: granular, itching / swelling (especially the face / tongue / throat), severe dizziness, breathing difficulties

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you do not list other effects above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In America – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can notify the FDA of side effects on 1-800-FDA-1088 or

In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You can report the health effects of Canada on 1-866-234-2345.


Before taking Cipro, tell your doctor or pharmacist whether you are allergic to it; or to other quinolone antibiotics such as norfloxacin,  gemifloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, or ofloxacin; or if you have any other allergies. This product can have passive elements, which can cause allergic or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this drug, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially: Diabetes, heart problems (like a recent heart attack), problems of joint / tendon (e.g., tendonitis, bursitis), kidneys Disease, liver disease, mental / mood disorders (such as depression), myasthenia gravis, nerve related problems (such as peripheral neuropathy), visits, conditions that your visits (Increase brain / head injury, brain tumors, cerebral atherosclerosis)

Cipro may cause a condition that affects the heart rhythm (QT prolongation). QT prolongation can rarely cause serious (rarely fatal) fast/irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (such as severe  dizziness,  fainting) that need medical attention right away.

The risk of QT prolongation may be increased if you have certain medical conditions or are taking other drugs that may cause QT prolongation. Before using cipro, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the drugs you take and if you have any of the following conditions: certain heart problems (heart failure, slow heartbeat, QT prolongation in the EKG), family history of certain heart problems (QT prolongation in the EKG, sudden cardiac death).

Low levels of potassium or magnesium in the blood may also increase your risk of QT prolongation. This risk may increase if you use certain drugs (such as diuretics/”water pills”) or if you have conditions such as severe  sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting. Talk to your doctor about using cipro safely.

This drug can cause severe changes in blood sugar, especially if you have diabetes. Regularly check your blood glucose as directed and share the result with your doctor. For symptoms of high blood glucose, such as increased thirst / urination. Cipro drug can increase the effect of reducing blood-sugar-glyburide. See also for symptoms of low blood sugar such as sudden sweating, shivering, high pulsation, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or twisting of hands and feet. It is a good habit to take glucose tablets or gels to treat low blood sugar. If you do not have these reliable forms of glucose, then increase your blood sugar rapidly by adding a quick source of sugar like table sugar, honey, or candy, or fruit juices or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor immediately about the reaction and use of this product. To help prevent low blood glucose, dine on a regular basis, and do not leave food. If there is a reaction, your doctor may need to change you to another antibiotic or adjust your diabetes medications.

This medication can make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana can make you feel more dizzy. Unless you can safely do it, do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires caution. Limit alcoholic beverages. If you are using marijuana, talk to your doctor.

This medicine can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep your time limited in the sun. Avoid Tanning Booths and Sunlamps. Use sunscreen on the outside and wear protective clothing. Tell your doctor immediately if you have sunburned or have blisters / redness on the skin.

Cipro can not work because of live bacterial vaccines (like typhoid vaccine). Do not vaccinate / vaccinate while using this drug unless your doctor tells you.

Before surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs and herbal products).

This medicine contains sucrose and is therefore not recommended if you have a rare hereditary metabolic condition (such as fructose intolerance, sucrase-isomaltase deficiency, glucose-galactose malabsorption).

Children may be more susceptible to the side effects of this drug, especially joint / tendon problems.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially the tendon problems (especially if they are also taking corticosteroids such as prednisone or hydrocortisone) and QT prolongation (see above).

During pregnancy, this drug should be used only when it is clearly necessary. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

This medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.


See also the Usage and Precautions section.

Drug interactions can change how your medicines work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescriptions / non-prescription medicines and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change any drug supplements without the approval of your doctor.

Some products that can interact with this drug include: “blood thinner” (such as acenocoumarol, warfarin), strontium.

Many drugs besides Cipro may affect the heart rhythm (QT prolongation), including amiodarone, dofetilide, quinidine, procainamide, sotalol, among others.

This medication can slow down the removal of other medications from your body, which may affect how they work. Examples of affected drugs include duloxetine, pirfenidone, tasimelteon, tizanidine, among others.

Avoid drinking large amounts of beverages containing caffeine (coffee, tea, colas), eating large amounts of chocolate, or taking over-the-counter products that contain caffeine. This drug may increase and/or prolong the effects of caffeine.

Although most antibiotics are unlikely to affect hormonal birth control such as pills, patch, or ring, a few antibiotics (such as rifampin, rifabutin) can decrease their effectiveness. This could result in pregnancy. If you use hormonal birth control, ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Over Dose

If someone is treated and has serious symptoms like having trouble going out or breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call the Poison Control Center immediately. US residents can call their local venom control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canadians can call a provincial poison control center.


Do not share this medication with others.

This drug is prescribed for your current condition only. Do not use it later for any other infection until your doctor tells you.

Laboratory and / or medical tests (such as kidney function, blood count, cultures) should be periodically monitoring your progress or checking side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

Do not change the brand of this drug without asking your doctor or pharmacist. Not all brands have the same effect.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, then as soon as you remember, take it. If it is near the next dose time, then leave the thesis dose. Take your next dose at regular times. Do not double the dose to catch up.


Before mixing, place dry powder and mixing solution in a straight line at room temperature. Do not cool.

Once mixed, the suspension can be stored in an honest position at the refrigerator or at room temperature. Leave any unused suspension after 14 days of the mixture. Do not cool. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Discard any unused medication after treatment is complete.

Until instructed to do so, do not flush the medicines in the toilet and do not drain them. When this period expires or does not need it, then properly release this product. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Disclaimer: DrLinex has made every effort to ensure that all information is factually accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a licensed health care professional’s choice of knowledge and expertise. You should always consult your doctor or other health care professional before taking any medication. The information given here is subject to change and it has not been used to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions or adverse effects. The lack of warning or other information for any drug does not indicate that the combination of medicine or medication is safe, effective or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

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